Posted by: ericgrimsrud | June 12, 2013

New York Mayor plans for the protection of his city

I often wonder – when will the “rubber hit the road” with respect to massive impacts of climate change on our cities and infrastructure.  Few elected politicians “get it” and most of them prefer to either ignore the problem or make lame comments such as “we don’t know enough yet” (in spite of the fact that 97% of professional climate scientists say that we do know more than enough).  The Mayor the New York City provides an exception to that rule.  He does get it and is talking seriously about what his low elevation city must do to protect itself from rising sea levels and storms of increasing intensity.  “I strongly believe we have to prepare for what scientists say is a likely scenario,” Bloomberg said at a press briefing at the Brooklyn Navy Yard just before he laid out his 17-billion dollar project.  Wow! – finally a high level politician who really does “get it”.

Dana Milbank of the Washington Post provided the excellent summary included below of Mayor Bloomberg’s recent statements.  He paints a realistic and sobering perspective on this massive endeavor.  While reading it, consider also that the mayor’s proposed project would protect just one city.  Similar efforts would be required for all other cities of low elevation that want to protect its citizens from the ravages of rising sea levels and increasing storm intensities.  Given the magnitude of these undertakings, it does appear that the “rubber” is about to hit the road in some of our nation’s major urban areas.  Note also that these expensive, but essential measures would do nothing for the non-urban areas of low elevation that would be similarly impacted.

“Bloomberg’s race to protect NYC from climate change

By Dana Milbank, Published: June 11

The Mall has monuments to heroism, freedom and sacrifice. Pretty soon it will also have a monument to failure.

Drive on 17th Street NW, just south of Constitution Avenue, and you’ll see concrete footings, a mound of dirt and jersey barriers — all part of an oft-delayed project to build a floodwall to protect downtown Washington from a rising Potomac River.

The flood wall, and similar initiatives elsewhere, amount to tacit acknowledgments that the fight against climate change, the cause celebre of the environmental movement for more than a decade, has failed in its primary purpose. In the race to prevent disaster, it’s already too late.

Among climate-change activists, the realization is spreading that the combination of political inaction on greenhouse gases, plentiful new petroleum supplies and accelerating changes in weather patterns means there is no escaping more life-altering floods, droughts and fires. Although ongoing efforts to reduce carbon emissions could mitigate even worse catastrophe, momentum has shifted in part to preparing for the inevitable consequences of a warmer planet.

Perhaps the most vivid example of this came Tuesday afternoon, when New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg rolled out his $19.5 billion plan to “prepare for the impacts of a changing climate,” with proposals ranging from coastal levees to the protection of hospitals. Last year, Bloomberg cited climate change as his main reason for endorsing President Obama’s reelection, praising Obama’s “major steps to reduce our carbon consumption.” But speaking Tuesday from a Brooklyn greenhouse damaged last fall by Hurricane Sandy, Bloomberg addressed the inevitability that rising temperatures and sea levels would bring even worse.

“By mid-century, up to a quarter of all New York City’s land area, where 800,000 residents live today, will be in the flood plain,” he said, and “40 miles of our waterfront could see flooding on a regular basis just during normal high tides.” We no longer have the luxury of ideological debate, he said. “The bottom line is we can’t run the risk.”

Andrew Light, a global-warming specialist at the liberal Center for American Progress, explained to me the recent shift toward efforts to adapt to climate change rather than merely seeking to prevent it. “We’re starting to see very strong evidence of climate-related extreme events happening sooner than we thought with only a 1-degree [Celsius] rise in temperature,” he said, “and a more refined science saying now that we will more than likely edge up to or cross the 2-degree threshold.”

Climate activists had long sought to limit the temperature rise to 2 degrees, but this now seems both impractical and insufficient. “Our best-case scenario now is we could delay by a couple of decades the point at which we cross the threshold,” Light said. This means that cutting carbon emissions is still important but that it’s also time to prepare for what’s coming.

Among the needed adaptations: floodwalls and expanded coastal wetlands, fortified subway systems, buried power lines, houses with detachable foundations, roads rebuilt on higher ground, drought-resistant crops and changes to hydroelectric facilities and nuclear power-plant cooling systems. States in the Southwest may need pipelines and desalinization plants for drinking water.

Low-lying and poorer parts of the world will have it much worse. But even in the United States, vast coastal areas — New Orleans, the Florida Keys and elsewhere along the Gulf of Mexico, North Carolina’s Outer Banks, parts of Long Island — eventually may need to be abandoned to higher seas. As a start toward depopulating those areas, the federal government may need to cut off disaster insurance.

Obama created an “Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force ” in 2009 to examine everything from agriculture to sewer system failures and public-health consequences, but much of the work remains theoretical. Bloomberg’s new plan, with 250 specific recommendations and a hefty price tag, puts climate-change adaptation into a more concrete realm.

The businessman-mayor called it “a battle that may well define our future for generations to come” and outlined changes to building standards, telecommunications, transportation and a dozen other areas.

“Waves that do reach our shore will find a strong line of coastal defenses, reinforced dunes and widened beaches, levees, floodwalls and bulkheads, and tide gates and surge barriers,” Bloomberg said. “New grade infrastructure will absorb water, it will divert it into higher-capacity sewers, and our critical systems will operate with less interruption throughout the storm and bounce back quicker if they do go down.”

Bloomberg spoke confidently, as if he were a general laying out a military plan. But he was really talking about limiting casualties. “

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